W: Can you come to the concert with me this weekend or do you have to prepare for exams?
M: I still have a lot to do. But maybe a break will do me good。
Q: What will the man probably do?
W: What does the paper say about the horrible incident that happened this morning on Flight 870 to Hong Kong?
M: It ended with the arrest of the three hijackers. They have forced the plane to fly to Japan. But all the passengers and the crewmembers landed safely。
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
M: Helen, this is the most fascinating article I’ve ever come across. I think you should spare some time to read it。
W: Oh, really? I thought that anything about the election would be tedious。
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
W: I’m not going to trust the restaurant critic from that magazine again. The food here doesn’t taste anything like what we had in Chinatown。
M: It definitely wasn’t worth the wait。
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
W: Do you know what’s wrong with Mark? He’s been acting very strangely lately。
M: Come on. With his mother hospitalized right after he’s taking on a new job, he's just got a lot on his mind。
Q: What do we learn from the conversation about Mark?
W: There were only 20 students at last night’s meeting, so nothing could be voted on。
M: That’s too bad. They'll have to turn up in greater numbers if they want a voice on campus issues。
Q: What does the man mean?

M: I try to watch TV as little as possible. But it’s so hard。
W: I didn’t watch TV at all before I retired. But now I can hardly tear myself away from it。
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
W: I’m having a problem registering for the classes I want。
M: That’s too bad. But I’m pretty sure you’ll be able to work everything out before the semester starts。
Q: What does the man mean?

1. C. Attend the concert。
2. D. None of the passengers were injured or killed。
3. A. An article about the election。
4. A. The restaurant was not up to the speaker’s expectations。
5. C. He has many things to deal with right now。
6. D. More students have to appear to make their voice heard。
7. B. The speakers like watching TV very much。
8. D. The woman will be able to attend the classes she wants。

W: Jack, sit down and listen. This is important. we’ll have to tackle the problems of the exporting step by step. And the first move is to get an up-to-date picture of where we stand now。
M: Why don’t we just concentrate on expending here at home?
W: Of course, we should hold on to our position here. But you must admit the market here is limited。
M: Yes, but it’s safe. The government keeps out foreigners with import controls. So I must admit I feel sure we could hold our own against foreign bikes。
W: I agree. That’s why I am suggesting exporting. Because I feel we can compete with the best of them。
M: What you are really saying is that we’d make more profit by selling bikes abroad, where we have a cost advantage and can charge high prices。
W: Exactly。
M: But, wait a minute. Packaging, shipping, financing, etc. will push up our cost and we could no better off, maybe worse off。
W: OK. Now there are extra costs involved. But if we do it right, they can be built into the price of the bike and we can still be competitive。
M: How sure are you about our chances of success in the foreign market?
W: Well, that’s the sticky one. It’s going to need a lot of research. I’m hoping to get your help. Well, come on, Jack. Is it worth it, or not?
M: There will be a lot of problems。
W: Nothing we can’t handle。
M: Um… I’m not that hopeful. But, yes, I think we should go ahead with the feasibility study。
W: Marvelous, Jack. I was hoping you be on my side。
9. What does the woman intend to do?
10. Why does the man think it’s safe to focus on the home market?
11. What is the man’s concern about selling bikes abroad?
12. What do the speakers agree to do?

9. C) Export bikes to foreign markets。
10. B) The government has control over bicycle imports。
11. A) Extra costs might eat up their profits abroad。
12. C) Conduct a feasibility study。

W: What does the term “alternative energysource” mean?
M: When you think of energy or fuel for ourhomes and cars, we think of petroleum or fossil fuel processed fromoil removed from the ground of which there is a limited supply. Butalternative fuels can be many things, wind, sun and water can allbe used to create fuel。
W: Is the threat of running out of petroleumreal?
M: It has taken thousands ofyears to create the natural stores of petroleum we have now. We areusing what is available at a much faster rate than it has beenproduced over time. The real controversy surrounding the amounts ofpetroleum we have is how much we need to keep in reserve for futureuse. Most experts agree that by around 2025 the amount of petroleumwe use will reach a peak then production and availability willbegin to seriously decline. This is not to say there will be nopetroleum at this point, but it will
become very difficult and thereforeexpensive to extract。
W: Is that the most important reason to developalternative fuel and energy sources?
M: There're two very clear reasons to do so. Oneis that whether we have 60 or 600 years of fossil fuels left, wehave to find other fuel sources eventually, so the sooner we start,the better off we will be. The other big argument is that when youburn fossil fuels, you release substances trapped in the ground fora long time, which leads to some long term negative effects likeglobal warming and greenhouse effect。
13. What do we usually refer to when we talkabout energy according to the man?
14. What do most experts agree on according tothe man?
15. What does the man think we should donow?

13. B) Anything that can be used to producepower。
14. D) Oil production will begin to declineworldwide by 2025.
15. B) Start developing alternativefuels。

Karen Smith is a buyer for adepartment store in New York. Department store buyers purchase thegoods that their stores sell. They not only have to know what isfashionable at the moment, but also have to guess what will
become fashionable next season ornext year。
Most buyers work for just one department in astore, but the goods that Karen finds may be displayed and sold inseveral different sections of the store. Her job involves buyinghandicrafts from all over the world。
Last year, she made a trip to Morocco, andreturned with rugs, pots, dishes, and pans. The year before, shevisited Mexico, and brought back hand-made table cloths, mirrorswith frames of tin, and paper flowers. The paper flowers are brightand colorful, so they were used to decorate the whole store. Thisyear, Karen is traveling in Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. Manyof the countries that Karen visits have government offices thatpromote handicrafts. They officials are glad to cooperate with her,by showing her the products that are available。
Karen especially likes to visitmarkets and small towns and villages whenever she can arrange forit. She’s always looking for interesting and unusual items. Karenthinks she has the best job she could have found. She loves all thetraveling that she has to do,
because she often visits markets andsmall out-of-the-way places. She sees much more of the country shevisits than an ordinary tourists would. As soon as she gets back toNew York from one trip, Karen begins to plananother。

16. What is said to make a good department storebuyer?
17. What does Karen’s jobinvolve?
18. Why does Karen think she has got the bestjob?

16. A) The ability to predict fashiontrend。
17. D) Purchasing handicrafts from all over theworld。
8. B) She is doing what she enjoysdoing。

Mark felt that it was time for him to take partin his community, so he went to the neighborhood meeting afterwork. The area city council woman was leading a discussion abouthow the quality of life was on the decline. The neighborhood facedmany problems. Mark looked at the charts taped to the walls. Therewere charts for parking problems, crime, and for problems in vacantbuildings. Mark read from the charts, “Police patrols cut back,illegal parking up 20%”. People were supposed to suggest solutionsto the council woman. It was too much for Mark. “The problems aretoo big”, he thought. He turned to the man next to him and said, “Ithink this is a waste of my time. Nothing I can do would make adifference here。”
As he neared the bus stop on his way home, Marksaw a woman carrying a grocery bag, and a baby. As Mark got closer,her other child, a little boy, suddenly darted into the street. Thewoman tried to reach for him, but as she moved, her bag shifted,and groceries started to fall out. Mark ran to take the boy’s armand led him back to his mother. “You gotta stay with mom,” he said.Then he picked up the stray groceries while and the woman smiled inrelief. “Thanks,” she said, “You’ve got great timing。” “Just beingneighborly,” Mark said. As he rode home, he glanced at the posternear his seat in the bus. Small acts of kindness add up. Marksmiled and thought, “Maybe that’s a good place tostart。”

19. What did Mark think he should startdoing?
20. What was being discussed when Mark arrivedat the neighborhood meeting?
21. What did Mark think of the community’sproblems?
22. Why did Mark smile on his ridehome?

19. B) Get involved in hiscommunity。
20. A) Deterioration in the quality oflife。
21. D) They are too big for individualefforts。
22. C) He had done a small deed ofkindness。

And if stress in childhood can lead to heartdisease, what about current stresses? Longer work hours, threats oflayoffs, collapse in pension funds. A study last year in theLancered examined more than 11,000 heart attack sufferers from 52countries. It found that in the year before their heart attacks,patients have been under significantly more stress than some 13,000healthy control subjects. Those stresses came from work, family,financial trouble, depression and other causes。
Each of these factors individually wasassociated with increased risk, says Dr. Salim Yosef, professor ofmedicine at Canada’s McMaster University, and senior investigatoron the study. Together they accounted for 30% of overall heartattack risk, but people respond differently to high pressure worksituations. Whether it produces heart problems seems to depend onwhether you have a sense of control over life, or live at the mercyof circumstances and superiors。
That was the experience of Jano Cano, a roughedIllinois laboratory manager, who suffered his first heart attack in1996 at the age of 56. In the two years before, his mother and twoof his children had suffered serious illnesses, and his job hadbeen changed in a reorganization. “My life seemed completely out ofcontrol,” he says, “I had no idea where I would end up。” He endedup in hospital due to a block in his artery. Two months later, hehad a triple bypass surgery. A second heart attack when he was 58left his doctor shaking his head. “There’s nothing more we can dofor you,” doctors told him。
23. What does the passage mainlydiscuss?
24. What do we learn about Jano Cano’sfamily?
25. What did Jano Cano’s doctors tell him whenhe had a second heart attack?

23. B) Pressure and disease。
24. A) It experienced a series ofmisfortunes。
25. C) They could do nothing to helphim。


When most people think of the word “education”,they think of a pupil as a sort of animate sausage casing. Intothis empty casting, the teachers are supposed to stuff“education。”
But genuine education, as Socrates knew morethan two thousand years ago, is not inserting the stuffing ofinformation into a person, but rather eliciting knowledge from him;it is the drawing-out of what is in the mind。
“The most important part of education,” oncewrote William Ernest Hocking, the distinguished Harvardphilosopher, “is this instruction of a man in what he has inside ofhim。”
And, as Edith Hamilton has reminded us, Socratesnever said, “I know, learn from me。” He said, rather, “Look intoyour own selves and find the spark of the truth that God has putinto every heart and that only you can kindle to aflame。”
In a dialogue, Socrates takes anignorant slave boy, without a day of schooling, and proves to theamazed observers that the boy really “knows” geometry –
because the principles of geometryare already in his mind, waiting to be calledout。
So many of the discussions and controversiesabout the content of education are useless and inconclusive becausethey are concerned with what should “go into” the student ratherthan with what should be taken out, and how this can best bedone。
The college student who once said to me, after alecture, “I spend so much time studying that I don’t have a chanceto learn anything,” was clearly expressing his dissatisfaction withthe sausage casing view of education。

26. are supposed to
27. inserting
28. drawing-out
29. distinguished
30. spark
31. flame
32. schooling
33. controversies
34. are concerned with
35. dissatisfaction

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