2007.12.22英语六级试卷 - 篇章段落

Section B Short Passages

Passage One

In January 1989, the www.cet6w.com Railways presented their proposal for a high speed pan-European train network, extending from Sweden to Sicily and from Portugal to Poland by the year 2020. If their proposal becomes a reality, it will revolutionize train travel in Europe. Journeys between major cities will take half the time they take today. Brussels will be only one and half hours from Paris. The quickest way to get from Paris to Frankfurt, from Barcelona to Madrid will be by train, not plane.

When the network is complete, it will integrate three types of railway line, totally new high-speed lines, with trains operating its speeds of 300kms per hour; upgraded lines, which allow for speeds up to 200 to 225 kms per hour and existing lines, for local connections and distribution of freight. If business people can choose between a 3-hour train journey from city center to city center and 1-hour flight, they'll choose the train, said an executive travel consultant. They won't go by plane anymore. If you calculate flight time, check in and travel to and from the airport, you’ll find almost no difference and if your plane arrives late due to bad weather or air traffic jams or strikes, then the train passengers will arrive at their destination first.

Since France introduced the first 260-km per hour high speed train service between Paris and Lyons in 1981, the trains have achieved higher and higher speeds. On many routes, airlines have lost up to 90 percent of their passengers to high speed trains. If people accept the community of European Railways’ plan, the 21st century will be the new age of the train.

Questions 26-29 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. What is the proposal presented by the Community of the European Railways?
27. What will happen when the proposal becomes a reality?
28. Why will business people prefer a 3-hour train journey to a 1-hour flight?
29. When did France introduce the first high speed train service?

a) to win over the majority of passengers from airlines in twenty years.
b) to reform railroad management in western European countries.
c) to electrify the railway lines between major European cities.
d) to set up an express train network throughout Europe.

a) Major European airlines will go bankrupt.
b) Europeans will pay much less for traveling.
c) Traveling time by train between major European cities will be cut by half.
d) Trains will become the safest and most efficient means of travel in Europe.

a) Train travel will prove much more comfortable than air travel.
b) Passengers will feel much safer on board a train than on a plane.
c) Rail transport will be environmentally friendlier than air transport.
d) Traveling by train may be as quick as, or even quicker than, by air.

a) In 1981. b) In 1989. c) In 1990. d) In 2000.

Passage Two

Western doctors are beginning to understand what traditional healers have always known that the body and the mind are inseparable. Until recently, modern urban physicians heal the body, psychiatrists the mind and priests the soul. However, the medical world is now paying more attention to holistic medicine, which is an approach based on a belief that people’s state of mind can make them sick or speed the recovery from sickness.

Several studies show that the effectiveness of a certain drug often depends on the patients expectations of it. For example, in one recent study, psychiatrists at a major hospital try to see how patients could be made calm. They divided them into two groups; one group was given a drug while the other group received a harmless substance instead of medicine without their knowledge. Surprisingly, more patients in the second group showed the desired effects than those in the first group.

In study after study, there is a positive reaction in almost one third of the patients taking harmless substances. How is this possible? How can such a substance have an effect on the body? Evidence from a 1997 study at the University of California shows that several patients who receive such substances were able to produce their own natural drug, that is, as they took the substance, their brains released natural chemicals that act like a drug. Scientists theorize that the amount of these chemicals released by a person’s brain quite possibly indicates how much faith the person has in his or her doctor.

Questions 30-32 are based on the passage you have just heard.
30. According to the speaker, what are western doctors beginning to understand?
31. What does the www.cet6w.com hospital seem to prove?
32. What evidence does the 1997 study of the University of California produce?

30. 31. 32.

Passage Three

So we’ve already talked a bit about the growth of extreme sports like rock-climbing. As psychologists, we need to ask ourselves “Why is this person doing this?”, “Why do people take these risks and put themselves in danger when they don’t have to?” One common trait among risk-takers is that they enjoy strong feelings or sensations. We call this trait “sensation seeking”. A sensation-seeker is someone who is always looking for new sensations. What else do we know about sensation seekers? Well, as I said, sensation-seekers like strong emotions. You can see this trait in many parts of a person’s life not just in extreme sports. For example, many sensation seekers enjoy hard rock music. They like the loud sound and strong emotions of the songs. Similarly, sensation-seekers enjoy frightening horror movies. They like the feeling of being scared and horrified while watching the movie. This feeling is even stronger for extreme sports where the person faces real danger. Sensation-seekers feel that danger is really exciting. In addition, sensation-seekers like new experiences that force them to push their personal limits. For them, repeating the same things everyday is boring. Many sensation-seekers choose jobs that involve risk, such as starting a new business or being an Emergency Room doctor. These jobs are different everyday, so they never know what will happen. That’s why many sensation-seekers also like extreme sports. When you do rock-climbing, you never know what will happen. The activity is always new and different.
Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you’ve just heard.

33. According to the speaker, what is a common trait among risk-takers?
34. What do sensation-seekers find boring?
35. What is the speaker’s profession?

a) Enjoying strong feelings and emotions.
b) Defying all dangers when they have to.
c) Being fond of making sensational news.
d) Dreaming of becoming famous one day.

a) Working in an emergency room.
b) Watching horror movies.
c) Listening to rock music.
d) Doing daily routines

a) A rock climber.
b) A psychologist.
c) A resident doctor.
d) A career consultant.

11. C Compromise with his colleague.
12. B Nancy regrets buying the dress.
13. A Wash the dishes.
14. C She is eager to share news with the woman.
15. B A mechanic.
16. D There isn’t much business downtown nowadays.
17. B The lounge is not a place for him to study in.
18. C To prevent mosquito bites.
19. A In a studio.
20. B To stay there for half a year.
21. A Designing fashion items for several companies.
22. B It has become much more competitive.
23. D It enables her to understand people better.
24. B Positively.
25. C It vanishes the moment she steps into her role.
26. D To set up an express train network throughout Europe.
27. C Traveling time by train between major European cities will be cut by half.
28. D Traveling by train may be as quick as, or even quicker than by air.
29. A In 1981.
30. C The mind and body should be taken as an integral whole.
31. D A patient’s expectations of a drug have an effect on their recovery.
32. B The workings of the mind may help patients recover.
33. A Enjoying strong feelings and emotions.
34. D Doing daily routines.
35. B A psychologist.
36. squarely
37. floating
38. Occasionally
39. dutifully
40. witty
41. humorous
42. guilt
43. material
44. the instructor’s talking about road construction in ancient Rome, and nothing could be more boring
45. Your blank expression, and the faraway look in your eyes are the cues that betray you inattentiveness.
46. they automatically start daydreaming when a speaker begins talking on something complex or uninteresting.

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