For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on E-learning, try to imagine what will happen when more and more people study on-line instead of going to school. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

第一段: 写出现状.

第二段: 分析在线学习未来的图景并简单解释原因

第三段: 分析未来及自己的应对之策

Currently, an increasing number of people begin to use Internet to take courses and acquire knowledge. Online learning is booming all around the world. It is providing many options with learners in terms of time, locations, subjects and costs.

Online learning greatly promotes learners’ studying efficiency and teachers’ productivity. As a result, updated knowledge will reach those students in isolated areas at a higher speed, which can make many of them keep pace with the time. Additionally, students can decide their learning location and time much more freely. Notably, because transportation and accommodation will not trouble E-learners, learning cost will be largely lowered. These advantages might decrease the number of people who routinely attend school learning.

From my point of view, personal interaction between teachers and students in schools is irreplaceable. It is a good idea that we combine E-learning and attending school together. Learning is not a simple multiple-choice question but an important issue that needs your trying and involvement.


For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the use of robots. Try to imagine what will happen when robots take the place of human beings in industry as well as people’s daily lives. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.




It is held by some people that knowledge is power, especially scientific and technological knowledge. Science and technology are the motive power of the social development, which constitute a primary productive force. The use of robots is the produce of development of science and technology.

People’s views on the use of robots vary from person to person. Some hold that human life cannot continue without the use of robots. For many years, human society has developed with the use of science and technology. So the life with the use of robots we are living now is more efficient than that of our fore fathers. They go on to point out that the use of robots has brought about many changes in people's life. For example, through the use of robots can improve the work efficiency and avoid dangerous events happening in our life in that we can require robots to do some works with danger instead of human beings.

Science and technology of robots are the crystallization of human wisdom. It brought a glorious past to humanity, also will bring bright future to mankind.

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on living in the virtual world. Try to imagine what will happen when people spend more and more time in the virtual world instead of interacting in the real world. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.





We have to admit that the impact of technology on society is unquestionable. Whether considering the TV or the computers, technology has had a huge impact on society. While not every advance has been beneficial, there have been many positive effects of technology. The internet is one typical example.

With the development of science and technology, the world is no longer what it used to be. But the ability of communication is a significant skill which should be cultivated if we want to survive and succeed in the world. But the way of communication with people has changed dramatically. Almost everyone today has a computer, and uses it to communicate with their friends, family, and even business. The virtual world communication has changed the way that people communicate.

Since communication between people in the real world is of utmost importance, lack of communication will lead to perish of human beings. Through communication in the real world, mutual understanding can be promoted and fostered between people, which cannot be replaced by the virtual communication.


旗袍(qipao)是一种雅致的中国服装,源于中国的满族(Manchu Nationality)。在清代,旗袍


Qipao, an exquisite Chinese clothing, originates from China's Manchu Nationality. In the Qing Dynasty , it was a loose robe for the royal women. In the 1920s, influenced by Western clothing, it went through many changes.For example,the cuffs went narrower, and the dress got shorter. These changes enabled Qipao to fully elaborate women’s beauty.

Nowadays, Qipao quite often appears on world-class fashion shows. It is usually the first choice for Chinese women as they attend social parties. Meanwhile, many Chinese brides will select it as their wedding dress. Some influential personalities even suggest making it as the national costume for Chinese women.


China's innovation is flourishing faster than ever before. In order to surpass developed countries on science and technology as soon as possible, China has sharply increased research and development fund. Chinese universities and institutes are actively doing innovative researches, covering various fields of high technology, from big data to biochemistry, and from new energy to robots. They are also cooperating with science and technology parks in different places, so as to commercialize their fruits of innovation. In the meantime, to adapt to the changing foreign and domestic market, and to satisfy the growing demand, Chinese entrepreneurs are also making pioneering efforts to innovate their products and business models.


Section A
1. D)Market research consultant
2. A) Quantitative advertising research
3. D) They study trends or customer satisfaction over a long period.
4. B) Checking charts and tables.
5. A) His view on Canadian universities.
6. B) It is rather inflexible.
7. C) Everybody should be given equal access to higher education.
8. C) It is hard to say which is better, a public university or a private university.

Section B

9. B) The worsening real wage situation around the world.
10. A) They will feel less pressure to raise employees’ wages.
11. C) Employees work shorter hours to avoid layoffs.

12. A) Whether memory supplements work.
13. D) They are not on based on real science.
14. D) They are prescribed by trained practitioners.
15. B) Taking them with other medications might entail unnecessary risks.

Section C
16 D) How the negative impacts of natural disasters can be reduced.
17 B) By taking steps to prepare people for them.
18 A) How preventive action can reduce the loss of life.

19 C) Contribute more to the goal of a wider recovery
20 B) Many smaller regional banks are going to fail
21 D) It will try to provide more loans
22 D) It will be necessary if the economy starts to shrink again

23 A). Being unable to learn new things.
24 A). Cognitive stimulation.
25 C). Endeavoring to give up unhealthy lifestyles.



26. 正确选项 O undertakes
27. 正确选项 K occupation
28. 正确选项 H existence
29. 正确选项 J intolerant
30. 正确选项 A automatically
31. 正确选项 N slightly
32. 正确选项 E emphasizing
33. 正确选项 M recession
34. 正确选项 D confused
35. 正确选项 B beneficial


Can societies be rich and green?
36. 正确选项 I
37. 正确选项 C
38. 正确选项 L
39. 正确选项 D
40. 正确选项 K
41. 正确选项 E
42. 正确选项 G
43. 正确选项 A
44. 正确选项 N
45. 正确选项 J


Passage one
46. 正确选项 C。 Interactive television advertising is successful when incorporated into situation comedies.
47. 正确选项 C。 Somewhat doubtful.
48. 正确选项 C。 It has placed TV advertising at a great disadvantage.
49. 正确选项 B。 It has done well in engaging the viewers.
50. 正确选项 A。 They may be due to the novel way of advertising.

Passage Two
51. 正确选项 B。 Insufficient demand.
52. 正确选项 D。 Groundless.
53. 正确选项 A。 The booming defense industry.
54. 正确选项 A。 Powerful opposition to government’s stimulus efforts.
55. 正确选项 C。 To show the urgent need for the government to take action.

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